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Ethics in Publication

 

Trabalho, Educação e Saúde (TES) is a scientific journal, with continuous publication, open access, edited in electronic version by the Escola Politécnica de Saúde, a scientific unit of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, linked to the Brazilian Ministry of Health.

TES’s main mission is to publish original contributions in order to develop the study on topics related to professional health education and discuss this area from the perspective of the organization of the world of work, from a critical, systematic and interdisciplinary perspective. Training and professional qualification and the work process in health are central themes to the journal, which in this way believes it contributes to the improvement of social policies, in general, and the Unified Health System (SUS), in particular.

The editorial process of TES is guided by the rules and recommendations of standards of ethics and responsibility in scientific communication established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), available at http://www.icmje.org/ (English) and http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/translations/portugese2014.pdf (Portuguese), and by the principles of ethics in publication set out in the “Basic Practices” and “Flowcharts”, of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), available, respectively, at https://publicationethics.org/core-practices and https://publicationethics.org/guidance/Flowcharts.

Trabalho, Educação e Saúde is affiliated and follows the guidelines set forth by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE - https://publicationethics.org/).

Next, we highlight some of the main responsibilities of the professionals involved in the publication.

 

Authors

 Authors undertake to be aware of the full content of the instructions to TES authors.

 When submitting an article, authors must ensure that it is unpublished and that it is not submitted simultaneously for publication in another journal. It is worth mentioning that TES accepts manuscripts published in recognized preprint repositories.

 In case there is a previous publication that presents similar content or that overlaps with that of the submitted article, the authors must inform the editors, at the time of submission, and provide a copy of the similar or overlapping material, for an editorial decision.

 Regarding authorship, TES follows the ICMJE Recommendations. The criteria for authorship are the  following, which must be fulfilled by all those designated as authors: (1) substantial contributions to the conception or design of the study; or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of study data; (2) preparation of preliminary versions of the article or critical review of important intellectual content; (3) final approval of the version to be published; (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work, in order to ensure that issues related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are properly investigated and resolved. Professionals who do not meet the four requirements, although they have contributed in other ways to the article, should be mentioned in the acknowledgments, but not identified as authors. Authors are responsible for recognizing and obtaining written permission from all those mentioned in the acknowledgments section.

 The corresponding author, who assumes responsibility for communicating with the journal during article submission, peer review and the publication process, must ensure that all authors have reviewed the final version of the manuscript and agreed with its submission to TES.

 Authors are the ones responsible for maintaining an adequate record of study data and providing access to such data, when required by the editors. TES encourages the deposit of data sets in a thematic repository or, when none exists, in generalist or institutional, in order to favor sharing with other researchers, as recommended by the ICMJE.

 Authors must confirm the indication of all sources cited in a precise and thorough manner.

 Any form of scientific misconduct, such as the fabrication of data, the falsification of data, the misappropriation of data and materials and plagiarism, is not acceptable and constitutes a reason for refusing the manuscript at any stage of the editorial process, in which case the editor will initiate the appropriate procedures detailed by COPE. If scientific misconduct is detected after publication, TES will proceed with the withdrawal of the article in accordance with COPE’s "withdrawal guidelines".

 Authors should attach, at the time of submission, if needed, the study approval protocol by the Research Ethics Committee with humans or animals. If applicable, they must also report on obtaining the participants’ free and informed consent. 

 As it involves public trust in the scientific process and the credibility of published articles, authors must declare whether there are conflicts of interest that may influence the development of the study or its conduct. The declaration must be in the body of the article, right after the references.

 In case of authors identifying any type of error in the article, at any stage of the editorial process, or even after its publication, they should contact the editorial team. In such situations, it is expected that they will cooperate with the editors for a possible publication of an errata, expression of concern or retraction of the article.

 

Reviewers

COPE has produced guidelines that establish the basic principles and standards to which all reviewers must adhere and which we reproduce here. We recommend reading the full document at https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines-new/cope-ethical-guidelines-peer-reviewers. Thus, during the peer review process, reviewers should:

 agree only to review manuscripts whose object is in their domain, so that they can carry out an adequate and timely evaluation.

 not using information obtained during the peer review process for your benefit or that of another person or organization, or to harm or discredit third parties.

 respect the confidentiality of the peer review and do not reveal any details of a manuscript or its review, during or after the peer review process, in addition to those that are disclosed by the journal. One should also understand that plagiarism during the review process is considered misconduct.

 declare all potential conflicts of interest, seeking advice from the journal if you are unsure whether something constitutes a relevant interest. If such conflicts are likely to influence the assessment, reviewers should decline the invitation.

 do not allow your revisions to be influenced by the origins of a manuscript, by nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or by commercial considerations;

 alert editors of any suspicion of similarity to another article.

 be objective and constructive in their reviews, refrain from being hostile and making slanderous or disparaging personal comments.

 

Editors

TES publishers are committed to acting in line with the best editorial practices and to supporting initiatives to avoid scientific misconduct and encourage ethics in publication.

They must, still:

 ensure that all articles considered for publication, in addition to being relevant, original and qualified, comply with ethical standards in research, especially in the case of research involving humans and animals.

 treat confidentially the manuscript and all complementary material submitted, protecting the identity of reviewers and authors, since TES adopts the double-blind peer review procedure.

 ensure that all published manuscripts have been adequately evaluated by qualified reviewers (including statistical review when necessary), not sharing with anyone, except for the authors and reviewers themselves, information about their content and status in the review process, criticism from reviewers and your final destination.

 select competent external reviewers in the thematic areas of the articles;

 seek reviewers who produce good quality and courteous reviews in an appropriate period of time.

 provide clear guidance to external reviewers and request that they indicate any conflicts of interest that may exist, prior to sending the full text of the article for evaluation. Encourage reviewers to report any suspected plagiarism, duplicate publication, or other forms of misconduct in publication.

 use tools to detect plagiarism, in order to avoid this form of misconduct, as well as to prevent duplicate publication.

 act ethically in all stages of the editorial process, without discriminating the origin of the manuscript, nationality, religious or political beliefs, gender or other characteristics of the authors, or if there are no commercial interests.

 adopt a transparent editorial policy, provide clear instructions to authors, including on the stages of the editorial process and criteria for authorship, and periodically update instructions to authors.

 follow COPE guidelines in case of suspected publication misconduct, investigate each suspicious situation and publish errata, expressions of concern and retractions, when relevant.

 provide means for members of the journal’s staff involved in the editorial process, including the editors themselves, to receive training and to stay up-to-date on the latest guidelines, recommendations and evidence on scientific publishing.

 recognize the reviewers’ contribution to the journal, publishing an acknowledgment towards them in the last issue of each year.

 ensure the editorial autonomy of the journal in relation to its supporting institution, the Escola Politécnica de Saúde Joaquim Venâncio, a scientific unit of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, thus avoiding academic endogeny.

 

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